Working Paper 24 Nirmal Gram Puraskar and sanitation service levels: Curse of slippage
This paper aims at presenting solid evidence on the slippage issues pertaining to sanitation interventions with findings from Andhra Pradesh, India. The results of this study are based on the data collected from 35,000 households selected from 107 villages across the nine Agro climatic zones of Andhra
Pradesh, of which 7800 households were from 21 NGP villages. The analysis shows thatdespite the best efforts towards achieving open defecation free villages, sustaining such status has become a major challenge. The findings show that 21 villages that have received the clean village award (Nirmal Gram Puraskar) between 2007 and 2010 are reverting back to open defecation. Many households still lack toilets and those have are not using the toilets even in NGP villages. The analysis also explores the conditions and factors responsible for qualifying for Nirmal Gram Puraskar (clean village award) and the reasons for slipping back.
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