Working paper 8: Executive Summary - The recurrent expenditure gap: Failing to meet and sustain basic water services
This working paper presents findings and recommendations from the application of a life-cycle costs approach (LCCA) to water supply services in rural communities and small towns in four countries – India (Andhra Pradesh), Burkina Faso, Ghana and Mozambique. The WASHCost project has analysed actual financial expenditure made in each country on point sources (boreholes with handpumps) and on a range of small, medium and larger scale small town piped networks. Expenditure on each of these models of water supply is compared to the level of service actually provided to users. This paper concludes that there is chronic underfunding of rural water services, to meet the costs required to provide and sustain a basic level of service that meets national norms and standards.